Fishing in Finland
It is easy to start fishing in Finland. Angling with a hook and line and ice-fishing are exempt from licenses under public rights of access.
A new Fishing Act, came into effect from the beginning of 2016. According to it, you can buy fishing licenses for one year (45 euros), one week (15 euros) or one day (6 euros). By doing that, you can fish with one fishing rod and lure all around Finland. This includes lakes and sea areas. You can buy these licenses from R-kiosk.
In addition, lure fishing with one rod is free of charge for people aged under 18 or over 65. Other types of fishing always require fishing licenses also from them.
What licenses do I need?
I'm going angling and ice-fishing with a hook and line.
You do not need a license – with the exception of rapids sites, managed rainbow trout lakes and other specific sites.
I'm going spinning or trolling with one rod out on a lake or at sea.
If you are aged between 18 and 64, you'll need to pay the state fishing management fee. If you are aged under 18 or over 64, you don't need a license. However, in order to fish on ‘plant and fish' lakes, you'll always need a permit from the owner regardless of your age.
I'm going fly-fishing and spinning on river and rapids sites.
You'll need to pay the state fishing management fee (if you're aged 18 to 64) and obtain a permit from the owner of the water area.
I'm going trolling with more than one rod.
You'll need to pay the state fishing management fee (if you're aged 18 to 64) and obtain a permit from the owner of the water area. It is also possible to purchase a combined licence for many large lakes, covering the whole or part of the lake in question.
I'm going to fish with nets and traps and other standing tackle and to catch crayfish.
You'll need to pay the state fishing management fee (if you're aged 18 to 64) and obtain a permit from the owner of the water area. It is also possible to purchase a combined license for certain large lakes, covering the whole or part of the lake in question.
Where can I purchase licenses?
Licenses are available at fishing tackle stores, petrol stations and information points. You can also use your mobile phone to obtain lure fishing licenses for state-maintained waters sold by Metsähallitus, a state enterprise in charge of state-owned lands and waters.
If you are not sure which license to buy, ask the owner of the cottage.
What are the rules?
Regulations for a specific fishing site are usually available when purchasing a license or on the Internet. In addition, national closed seasons and smallest permitted sizes will generally apply (see presentations of fish species), but there may also be diverging local regulations (see presentations of the water bodies).
Also remember to take other people into account. As long as you do not go fishing too close to an inhabited shore, you will avoid causing unnecessary disturbance.
What do licenses cost?
It doesn't cost much to go fishing. A one-year license for a lake usually costs a few dozen euros and rates for daily licenses at rapids sites range from a few euros to a few dozen euros.